Intensive care units (ICU) also called critical care or intensive therapy departments are sections within a hospital to provide intensive care (treatment and monitoring) for people in a critically ill or unstable condition.
When is intensive care needed?
There are several circumstances where a person may be admitted to an ICU. These include after surgery, or following an accident or severe illness. Intensive care is often needed when one or more of your organ systems has failed. For example, this might be your:
- Digestive System
There are many different conditions and situations that can cause your organ systems to fail. Some of the most common include:
- a serious accident – such as a road accident or a severe head injury
- a serious acute (short-term) health condition – such as a heart attack (where the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked), or a stroke (where the blood supply to the brain is interrupted)
- a serious infection – such as a severe case of pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs) or sepsis (blood poisoning)
- major surgery – this can either be a planned admission to an ICU as part of your recovery after surgery or an emergency measure if there are complications during surgery.
ICU at Tagore Hospital, Jaipur
The ICU at Tagore Hospital, gurgaon is fully equipped to handle any kind of emergency and critical condition. The patient will have constant access to the following:
- Specialised monitoring equipment
- a high degree of medical expertise
- constant access to highly trained nurses (usually one nurse for each bed)
PICU (Paediatric ICU):
At Tagore Hospital, Jaipur we have a specialized Intensive Care Unit for babies (NICU) as well as children (PICU).
The Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) is a specialised ward within the hospital designed, staffed and equipped to provide intensive care and treatment to seriously ill infants and children up to 16 years of age.
NICU (Neonatal ICU):
Newborn babies who need intensive medical attention are often admitted into a special area of the hospital called the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).
Ten to 15 percent of all newborn babies require care in a NICU, and giving birth to a sick or premature baby can be quite unexpected for any parent.
Most babies admitted to the NICU are premature (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy), have low birthweight (less than 5.5 pounds), or have a medical condition that requires special care. Other reasons that can lead to baby care in a NICU are:
- birth at gestational age less than 37 weeks or more than 42 weeks
- birthweight less than 2,500 grams or over 4,000 grams
- small for gestational age
- birth defects
- respiratory distress including rapid breathing, grunting, or apnea (stopping breathing)
- infection such as herpes, group B streptococcus, chlamydia
- hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
- need for extra oxygen or monitoring, intravenous (IV) therapy, or medications
If your baby is born very premature, is sick or requires close observation, he/she will be admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit where they will receive specialised medical and nursing care. Throughout your baby’s stay in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, any treatment required will be explained to you. You will be encouraged to be involved in your baby’s care wherever possible as this helps to establish and strengthen your bond with your baby.
At Tagore Hospital Jaipur, babies are admitted for absolutely essential reasons. Your baby may be suffering from a life threatening condition and may require phototherapy, artificial breathing through a ventilator etc. Throughout your baby’s stay in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, any treatment required will be explained to you. You will be encouraged to be involved in your baby’s care wherever possible as this helps to establish and strengthen your bond with your baby.
At Tagore Hospital in Jaipur the Doctors, Nurses and other staff are highly trained and specialists are available round the clock.
Once a Adult/Child/Neonate is able to breathe unaided, they no longer need to be in intensive care and can be transferred to a different ward to continue their recovery.
The time it takes to recover varies greatly from person to person. It also depends on things such as age, level of health and fitness, as well as how severe the condition is.